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Tuesday, April 3, 2018

Food Strategy

Eat Low Carbon

Less: non-seasonal, non-regional produce.
No air-freighted food.
- No non-local cheese
- No non-frozen seafood
- No Pineapples & tropical fruits
- Out-of-season: asparagus, berries, herbs
No Ruminants: cattle, goats, sheep, bison.
Less: dairy.
- Cheese & Yoghurt only as a treat.
- Milk only with cereal and in baking.
- No butter.
Less: processed foods.
- Brown rice instead of white rice

Air Freight

No fresh food produced outside Ontario or Quebec.

Animal Suffering
Which meat to give up

The only allowed industrial farmed animal is Turkey.
Beef and Pork can be allowed as a treat.
Non-industrial products (like backyard eggs) are allowed.
Saturday, January 13, 2018

CBC Radio Archive (Part4)

Distant Future Warnings: The challenges of communicating with eternity

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2017

Radioactive waste and toxic mining byproducts will remain deadly for thousands of years – maybe forever. Generations in the distant future will need to know about about the places this stuff is buried, and to stay away. Deep in the arsenic-contaminated underground at Giant Mine near Yellowknife, contributor Garth Mullins wonders how we can warn the distant future. Is it even possible to send messages that can outlast governments, languages, cultures, nations – maybe even humans?

Newfoundland Jam: Shakespeare's "As You Like It"

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2017

The way Shakespeare's plays sounded in his own time, on his own stage, wasn't quite the way it sounds today — the accent, the way words were pronounced, was different then. Today we're used to a kind of standard "British" pronunciation, and veerings into Canadian and American accents work too: Shakespeare, and what he's trying to share with us about human nature, generally gets through.

Ben Crystal: artistic director, Passion in Practice theatre company, Original Pronunciation specialist.

Lady and Lord Macbeth on trial: guilty or bewitched?

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2017

What in fact might happen in a modern Canadian courtroom if the Macbeths were put on trial? Let's assume there's already been a trial, and they've been found guilty. Now of course, in the great legal tradition, there has to be an appeal. On the bench, three Supreme Court justices — Russell Brown, Andromache Karakatsanis, and the chief justice- Beverley McLachlin. And the star witness, former leader of the Liberal Party of Canada Bob Rae.

Orchids: A Love Story

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2017

Wily, deceptive, manipulating: get ready to travel between history and science, how we humans think about orchids and who they really are in nature among themselves. A celebration of all things orchid with contributing producer Marilyn Powell.

The 2017 Killam Prize (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2017

John Borrows (Social Sciences) — John Borrows holds the Canada Research Chair in Indigenous law at the University of Victoria where he teaches constitutional, Indigenous, and environmental law. He is Anishinaabe and a member of the Chippewas of the Nawash First Nation in Ontario, where he grew up on the family farm east of the reserve. Over the decades, his work had a major influence on the broader recognition of Indigenous legal systems and legal rights within Canada.

Molly Shoichet (Engineering) — Molly Shoichet holds the Canada Research Chair in Tissue Engineering and is Professor of Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry, Chemistry and Biomaterials & Biomedical Engineering at the University of Toronto. Her innovations in designing hydrogels promise to have a major impact on cancer research, spinal cord rehabilitation, and restoring lost vision.

Thomas Hurka (Humanities) — Thomas Hurka is the distinguished chair in philosophical studies at the University of Toronto. His main area research is moral and political philosophy, zeroing in on normative ethical theory. He is interested in understanding what makes a 'good life.' Knowledge, achievement and friendship play strong roles in that understanding.

W. Ford Doolittle (Natural Sciences) — W. Ford Doolittle is professor emeritus in the department of biochemistry and molecular biology at Dalhousie University. He's also been awarded the Herzberg Gold Medal for science and engineering, which is Canada's highest honour. His work in molecular genetics includes the study of lateral gene transfer, a key driver of microbial evolution and the proposition of an alternative "web of life" theory. He jokes that his revived enthusiasm for philosophy means that he's now 'practicing philosophy without a license.'

Dr. Julio Montaner (Health Sciences) — Dr. Julio Montaner is the Director of the British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS. Originally from Argentina, he immigrated to Canada more than 30 years ago and his innovations in HIV/AIDS treatment helped save millions of lives. He is a strong advocate of 'treatment as prevention' as well as safe injection sites and needle exchange programs.

Fail Better: What baseball can teach us about failure and community

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2017

Baseball may have inspired more books than any other sport -- but none quite like philosopher Mark Kingwell's recently published, Fail Better: Why Baseball Matters. It's the first book-length philosophical meditation on what has been called America's national pastime. Paul Kennedy takes him out to a ballgame, and discusses everything from RBIs, to the metaphysics of failure, and how Kingwell borrowed the title for his baseball book from a work by Samuel Beckett.

The Challenge of Words: What is the future of literary writing in the digital age?

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2017

In our hyperfast, overcaffeinated, 140-character, social-media-blasted, Facebook-overloaded age, there are still people writing serious books. The novel -- an art form that's centuries old -- still has the capacity to hold our attention from subway commute to library chair. But we tell ourselves we're in a different era now. What's to become of serious writing in the digital age? From the 2016 Stratford Festival, a discussion featuring writers Shani Mootoo, Charles Foran and Monia Mazigh.

Subversive thoughts for an infantile age (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2015

In her new book Why Grow Up? Subversive Thoughts for an Infantile Age, Paul Kennedy talks with philosopher Susan Neiman, who believes that "Having failed to create societies that our young want to grow up into, we idealize the stages of youth."

Nine minutes that changed the world

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

In 1876, the poet Stéphane Mallarmé published a poem entitled The Afternoon of a Faun. He doubted anyone could set it to music successfully. But composer Claude Debussy did exactly that. The resulting music -- Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun -- runs only about nine minutes long, but it helped give birth to the modern era as we know it. It's more than just a famous piece of music. It stands at the beginning of the world we still live in. It's a guide, in sound, to the political, social, moral and geopolitical changes that ended the nineteenth and created the twentieth century. And it remains an existential and culturally shape-shifting work of art that offers us clues into who we are today. Contributor Robert Harris and Tafelmusik's Ivars Taurins bring us inside the spellbinding magic of Debussy's imagining.

Bringing up furbaby: The evolution from family pet to pet family (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

There are now more pets than children in North American homes, and lavish dog beds and catnip mice are taking the place of bassinets and rattles. Is this turn from traditional to furry families simply a passing fad, or a response to the stresses of modern life?

History Derailed: Understanding the messy Middle East (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

The Arab Spring was supposed to be a turning point for the Arab Middle East. And it was. But history appears to have taken a wrong turn. Again. American journalist Robert F. Worth joins Paul Kennedy in conversation about his book, A Rage for Order: The Middle East in Turmoil, from Tahrir Square to ISIS.

Robert F. Worth is a former correspondent for The New York Times. The travels he underwent in Egypt, Libya, Syria -- and elsewhere -- make up a journey into an idea of the Arab world itself. Not into the revolutionary promises of the 2010 Arab Spring. But into the sobering, and tragic narrative that took shape just a year later.

Does public broadcasting have a future?

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

It seems the idea of public service journalism is under fire everywhere. So three major public broadcasters came together to talk about their collective future at a forum held in Toronto by the Canadian Journalism Foundation: Jennifer McGuire, General Manager and Editor-in-Chief of CBC News, James Harding, Director of News and Current Affairs of the BBC, and Michael Oreskes, Senior Vice-President of News and Editorial Director of NPR. The discussion was moderated by Simon Houpt of The Globe and Mail.

Ideas from the Trenches - The problem of bad referendums (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

From Brexit to Turkey, the use of referendums is on the rise around the world. They're seen as a way of getting politicians and experts out of the way to let 'the people' decide on major policy decisions, and making democracy work more directly. Leah Trueblood is a PhD student at Oxford University. She warns that ill-conceived referendums are actually dangerous for democracies.

Jason Brennan — professor of Strategy, Economics, Ethics, and Public Policy at Georgetown University and author of Against Democracy and The Ethics of Voting.

The Myth of Victory (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

Some people argue that World War One was just the opening act for the Second World War, and perhaps World War Three is just around the corner. And what about wars of ideology? The Soviet Union doesn't seem to be dead yet, and nor is Communism. Even if we defeat ISIS, does that mean the idea of an Islamic state is finished? Stephen Toope, Janice Stein and Hugh Segal in conversation from the Stratford Festival.

How art shapes history

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

Toronto CBC Radio host Matt Galloway talks with architect Sir David Adjaye, visual artist Christi Belcourt, author Junot Díaz and filmmaker Paul Gross. The group met onstage at Toronto's Massey Hall as part of the Creative Minds series, produced in partnership with CBC, the Art Gallery of Ontario, the Banff Centre and Massey Hall. Their focus: current global politics and how art shapes our understanding of place, history and progress.

Why "Buffyworld" still matters

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

It's been 20 years since a midriff-baring California cheerleader leapt onto our television screens and became a riveting woman warrior — slaying vampires, demons and monsters. Her fantastical enemies were subversive metaphors for a corrupt and authoritarian culture. Today, Buffy the Vampire Slayer remains the most-studied show in television history. IDEAS producer Mary O'Connell revisits the legacy of "Buffyworld".

The program's prevailing messages: life can be hell, so expect it. In a society that medicates sadness and quirks of temperament, Buffy the Vampire Slayer asks us to consider emotional pain as a part of being human. And to be alive to the dangers, and joys, around us — and inside us. It invites us to be engaged, to strive towards good. It does not leave apathy as an option. In the words of British theatre critic Ian Shuttleworth, it's a "program more relevant today than ever".

How a 900-year-old Arabic tale inspired the Enlightenment (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

Our contemporary values and ideals are generally seen as the product of the Enlightenment. Individual rights, independent thinking, empiricism and rationalism are traced to the debates and discussions held by the great European thinkers of the 17th and 18th century: Locke, Rousseau, Voltaire, and Kant among others. But these thinkers owe a debt to a figure from 12th century Spain: a philosopher-physician named Ibn Tufayl who wrote a story called Hayy ibn Yaqzan -- which may be the most important story you've never heard.

The Munk Debates on the decline and fall of the liberal international order (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

For decades, global affairs have been moulded by ideas about the mutual benefits of an interdependent world. But the pillars of liberal internationalism are cracking under the rise of nationalist politics and other challenges. Is this the beginning of the end of the liberal international order? In a head-to-head Munk Debate, historian Niall Ferguson says Yes, the old order is collapsing, while commentator Fareed Zakaria argues No, there's life yet in liberal ideals.

The Enright Files: fifty years after the Six-Day War (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2017

That pivotal 1967 conflict that shaped so much of Israel's subsequent history has become known as the Six-Day War, but the outcome was effectively decided in the first 45 minutes. On the morning of June 5th, two Israeli squadrons of jet fighters destroyed hundreds of Egyptian aircraft as they sat on the ground. Less than a week later, the war was over.

According to historian Tom Segev, it was a Pyrrhic victory. In the decades that followed Israel faced more wars, two Intifadas and countless missile attacks and suicide bombings. What has not happened has been a resolution to the plight of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians living in the occupied territories. A two-state solution seems as distant as ever.

- Tom Segev, Israeli historian.
- Michael Oren, Israeli historian and politician.
- Margaret MacMillan, Canadian historian.
- David Shulman, Israeli academic and peace activist
- David Grossman, acclaimed Israeli novelist.

Don't shoot the messenger: The value of whistleblowing (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2017

Recorded at Ryerson University's Centre for Free Expression, Paul Kennedy hosts a panel on why whistleblowers are vital to the public interest...and how their exposure of wrongdoing can ultimately be helpful, even to their workplace. Investigator Sandy Boucher, international expert Anna Myers, and Canadian advocate David Hutton join forces to explain why they believe whistleblowers should be heard and protected.

Chernobyl Remembered

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part1, Part2, April 2007

The accident at Chernobyl remains the worst nuclear accident in history, worse even than what happened in Fukushima. Thirty-one people died as an immediate consequence, and a great many more were treated for radiation poisoning, but what is less-well understood are the long-term consequences: who is sick today, more than 30 years later, as a result of Chernobyl? Around Chernobyl itself there's a 30 km zone, where no one is supposed to live, and nothing should be harvested. But many have returned to the zone, and many others are marked forever by their time there 31 years ago.

The Motorcycle is Yourself

CBC Radio, Ideas, December 2014

Robert Pirsig's Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance has been called the most widely read book of philosophy ever written. Forty years after its publication, contributor Tim Wilson revisits an extraordinary interview he did with its author, for still vital advice on how to live.

The rise of the extreme right in France (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part1, Part2, Part3, April 2017

The French go to the polls April 23 to begin the selection of their next president. In the volatile world of French politics, the stakes seem higher than ever, as National Front leader Marine Le Pen is poised to make history. After decades in the political wilderness, the extreme right just might pull off an upset. She's promised to take France out of Europe and to end immigration, as per her motto: "One community, one culture, one language".

Francois Picard, host of Debate and The World This Week on the Paris-based TV network France 24.

Nonna Mayer is research director at the Centre for European Studies at Sciences Po in Paris. She's written extensively about the roots of right-wing politics in France.

Jeremy Ghez -- professor of economics and international affairs at the Hautes Etudes de Commerce in Paris, Director of the HEC Centre for Geopolitics.

Jean-Yves Camus -- political analyst at the French Institute for International and Strategic Affairs (IRIS) and director of the Observatory for Radical Politics, author of Far-Right Politics in Europe.

Pierre Larti, from the extreme right youth political action group Génération Identitaire.

Lucile Schmid, president of the non-profit Foundation for Political Ecology, former diplomat and politician.

The Rise of the Anti-Establishment: Where do we go from here? (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2017

"It is a deep tragedy, bordering on calamity, that we have come to this point," says Robert Reich of the Trump presidency. In a lecture at the University of British Columbia, followed by an interview with Paul Kennedy, the former U.S. Secretary of Labor and Professor of Public Policy at University of California at Berkeley details how understanding the circumstances that led to the election of Donald Trump can help shape a new democratic political sensibility.

Globalized Anger: The Enlightenment's Unwanted Child (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2017

Trumpism. Hindu nationalism. ISIS. Chinese expansionism. People everywhere seem fed up with the status quo, and their anger and intolerance are finding political expression. But why? Pankaj Mishra believes that the current unrest isn't about any so-called "clash of civilizations" between the enlightened and unenlightened. He thinks the globalized anger is the legitimate offspring of the Enlightenment itself. He speaks with Paul Kennedy about his provocative book, The Age of Anger: A History of the Present.

Islamist Persistence: The rise and reality of political Islam (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part 1, Part 2, April 2017

It's a provocative argument among Islamic Scholars: was Islam founded on political principles? Is the rise of Islamism, after the Arab Spring, a natural evolution in Muslim-dominated countries? Many would say no. But author Shadi Hamid, an American Muslim and self-described liberal, says the rise of Islamist parties is inevitable. He also argues that mainstream Islamist parties that gain power through democratic, free elections should not be de-legitimized by secular liberals in the West and the Middle East.

Ireland 1916: how 800 years of British rule led to violent rebellion

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2017

On Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, the streets of Dublin were transformed into a war zone. About 1,200 Irish rebels rose up against 20,000 British troops in a doomed attempt to throw off centuries of British colonial rule. The Easter Rising may have failed in that moment, but the brutality of the British response so disgusted and angered the people of Ireland that Irish independence became inevitable. On this edition of The Enright Files, we revisit some highlights of a two-hour special commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising last year.

The Return of History: Your Questions

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2017

Jennifer Welsh's 2016 CBC Massey Lectures: The Return of History is a stunning tour-de-force survey of the world we live in. Francis Fukuyama made his ill-fated proposal that history had ended in 1989. As communism was collapsing it looked like Western liberal democracy was here to stay. Fukyama argued that no new or better political system could possibly emerge, and that peace and international stability were definitely here to stay. Well, we know how that worked out. Jennifer Welsh's elegant essays explored what went wrong with those expectations, and why.

Saving Syria: Keeping war-torn culture alive

CBC Radio, Ideas, March 2017

Destruction and displacement -- that's the story of Syria today. Paul Kennedy talks with three Syrians who believe in other Syrias, with stories about love, and laughter, and the smells of jasmine and tarragon. Maamoun Abdulkarim risks his life rescuing stolen ancient artefacts. Ghada Alatrash translates the work of poets still coping with life in Syria. And journalist Alia Malek writes about the history of Syria through the story of her family. Each talks about the responsibility they feel toward saving the Syria they know, and their fears that those stories might soon disappear.

Return of the Michif Boy: Confronting Métis trauma (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, March 2017

PhD student Jesse Thistle was once a high school drop-out who spent more than a decade in and out of homeless shelters, consumed by drug and alcohol addiction. By reconnecting with his birth mother and spending time with his Métis elders he came to understand the effects of intergenerational trauma. His award-winning historical research shines a light on the struggles and the resilience of Métis 'road-side allowance' communities in northern Saskatchewan.

Expletive Repeated: Why swearing matters

CBC Radio, Ideas, March 2017

Profanity was once considered rude and crude — a linguistic last resort. Not so these days. Younger generations use swearing as everyday slang, and academics study it as an ever-evolving form of creative and cultural expression. Cognitive scientist, linguist, and author Benjamin K. Bergen (What the F: What Swearing Reveals About Our Language, Our Brains, and Ourselves) explains why cursing is so %$#* fascinating. Also featured: writer Roxana Robinson, who traces the subversive path of a sexist slur against women, and performer/activist Jess Thom explains what it's like to live with coprolalia — involuntarily swearing out loud.

The Rise of the Extreme Right in The Netherlands (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part 1 (The Night Watch), Part 2 (The Immigrants), March 2017

In 1642, Rembrandt painted a masterpiece featuring Dutch men preparing for military duty at the height of the war of independence from Spain. Its an icon of democracy in The Netherlands, the reminder of a founding moment in history, of the values of tolerance and nationhood. But now, approaching this year's national elections, the Netherlands -- like many countries -- is experiencing an explosion of right-wing populism, fueled by the anti-immigrant rhetoric of Geert Wilders. And the nation is torn.

Rabin Baldewsingh came to The Netherlands as a 13-year-old, a Hindu from the Dutch colony of Surinam in South America. Today he's Deputy Mayor of The Hague, responsible for Social Affairs and Integration. It's an immigrant story with a happy ending, but it's not a track most new immigrants might be able to follow -- the Dutch are struggling with a rise of right-wing, anti-immigrant sentiment on the eve of national elections.

How Existentialist and Conservative Philosophers Think About Freedom (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, March 2017

While the study of philosophy may seem more peripheral to everyday culture than ever in the 21st Century, the past hundred years saw a proliferation of schools of philosophical thought. None had the popular reach of existentialism, and few had greater impact on politics and debates on social issues than the various branches of conservatism - in many ways, the opposite of existentialism. On this month's edition of The Enright Files, conversations about, and with, existentialist and conservative philosophers.

- Sarah Bakewell, author of At the Existentialist Café; Freedom, Being and Apricot Cocktail.
- Claire Messud, acclaimed novelist and author of New York Review of Books article on Albert Camus.
- Roger Scruton, English conservative philosopher and author of more than 30 books.

Beyond the Huddled Masses (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, February 2017

From the 2016 Stratford Festival, a discussion with three fighters for human rights, three people whose families arrived on the shores of North America with next to no thing. Today, all three are deeply involved in fighting for human rights around the world.

Flora Terah works for women's rights in Canada and elsewhere- she was a political activist in Kenya before her son was murdered in retribution.

Harold Hongju Koh is professor of law at Yale and has worked as an advisor to the State Department -- his parents were refugees from North Korea.

Payam Akhavan and his family were refugees from Iran. He's worked extensively with the United Nations and as a UN prosecutor at The Hague; now he teaches law at McGill. He's also this year's CBC Massey lecturer.

Downloading Decision: Could machines make better decisions for us? (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, February 2017

Humans like to let others make decisions for them. But what happens when those decisions are made by machines or artificial intelligence? Can we trust them to make the right choices? Contributor Scott Lilwall explores how we might program robots to make ethical choices. Assuming, of course, we can ever figure out just how humans make those same choices.

Sir Peter Gluckman on the proper role of science (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, February 2017

The Harper government muzzled scientists. Donald Trump's administration is now doing the same. But a better relationship between science and government is possible. Sir Peter Gluckman is the Chief Science Advisor to the Prime Minister of New Zealand. This episode draws on a conversation he had with host Paul Kennedy and a talk he gave organized by Canadian Science Policy Centre, and hosted by the Institute for Science Society and Policy at the University of Ottawa. His point: science's proper role is to help decision-makers make scientifically-informed decisions.

From Tolerance to Tyranny (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, January 2015

Christians, Muslims and Jews lived together in relative harmony in medieval Spain. Then the Spanish Inquisition came along with its use of terror and racism, turning a pluralistic society into a police state. Writer Erna Paris first explored this history for IDEAS in 1995. In a new take, she calls what happened in Spain "a cautionary tale for today."

Wachtel On The Arts - Phyllis Lambert (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, February 2017

Eleanor Wachtel speaks to Canadian architectural activist, Phyllis Lambert, in celebration of her exceptional career on her 90th birthday. Phyllis Lambert's deep commitment to architecture and the city has won her international renown. In 2014, she received the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement at the Venice Architectural Biennale.

Back in the 1950s, Lambert became deeply involved in the construction of New York's landmark Seagram Building designed by Mies van der Rohe. It's often called a turning-point for modern architecture, a moment when social responsibility, beauty and truth counted for more than egotism or commercial interests.

The Marriage of True Minds

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part 1, Part 2, February 2017

More than thirty years ago, Paul Kennedy prepared a series that celebrated famous intellectual marriages. These relationships were consummated at various times, from the early Middle Ages to the late-twentieth century. We revisit that classic series from a more contemporary perspective, and wonder what might be learned, and what could be lost from looking for lessons from relationships in the past.

Surviving Post-Capitalism: Coping, hoping, doping & shopping (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, February 2017

The signs are troubling: the ever-widening chasm between the ultra-rich and everyone else. Mass protests. Political upheaval and social division. It looks as though the rocky marriage between capitalism and democracy is doomed, at least according to Wolfgang Streeck, who directs the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne, Germany, where he is also a professor of sociology. In conversation with Paul Kennedy about his book How Will Capitalism End?, he makes the unnerving case that capitalism is now at a point where it cannot survive itself.

The Challenge of Peace (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, February 2017

We have the best communications in history, except for the kind that matters — nations and states understanding each other. What values might we agree on? What ideas about society do we have in common? Has there been progress of any sort? Jennifer Welsh, Paul Heinbecker, Peter Boehm, Arne Kislenko and Daniel Eayrs in conversation from the Stratford Festival.

"Peace" is a tricky concept — everyone agrees that war is a bad idea, but when someone lays siege to you, it's hard not to resort to conflict. We'd all like to have peace, but in an unequal world, where resources are finite and unequally distributed, its hard to see how conflict can be avoided, and how peace can be maintained.

The Enright Files on humanizing Canada's penal system (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, February 2017

Politicians and governments call it getting tough on crime, part of a law and order agenda. A government focus on victim rights, longer sentences and stripping away services and programs meant to improve the lives -- and life chances -- of inmates, has left Canada's penal system much more equipped to punish than to rehabilitate offenders.

The result is overcrowded, violent jails and penitentiaries. Mentally ill prisoners are often placed in solitary confinement instead of receiving the treatment they need. Minorities are vastly over-represented, particularly Indigenous and black people.

Howard Sapers, Reverend Carol Finlay, Kate Johnson, Sister Elaine MacInnes, and Marianne Vollan, the Director General of Correctional Services of Norway.

Ecology of Sound: Hildegard Westerkamp

CBC Radio, Ideas, February 2017

Paul Kennedy joins sound ecologist Hildegard Westerkamp on a sound-walk through Vancouver's downtown eastside, and explores how opening our ears to our surroundings can open our minds.

After Guantanamo: Dennis Edney on defending Omar Khadr (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, February 2017

In 2002, a 15-year-old boy was caught by American forces in Afghanistan after a firefight, and imprisoned in Guantanamo for the next 13 years. The boy was Omar Khadr, and his then little-known lawyer was Dennis Edney from Edmonton. From the Stratford Festival, Dennis Edney talks with Paul Kennedy about a life-changing experience that contains a challenge for us all

"In all the years I went to Guantanamo, he was always chained to the floor. And so I saw my job as trying to keep him alive, and I talked to him about hope. And I used to keep pointing to the steel door and I said 'behind that door is light.'"

Media in the Age of Terrorism: Mohamed Fahmy (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, January 2017

For 438 days, Mohamed Fahmy was locked away in an Egyptian jail, including solitary confinement in the brutal Scorpion wing of Cairo's Tora Prison, living side-by-side with members of the Muslim Brotherhood, al-Qaeda and ISIS. He was accused of being a terrorist, when in fact, he was simply being a journalist. The Egyptian-Canadian's arrest, trials and eventual release in 2015, garnered international attention.

The importance of being ethical with Dr. Janet Rossant (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, January 2017

Dr. Janet Rossant argues that recent revolutions in genetic medicine demand comparable advances in our understanding of the underlying morality and ethics. "How do we draw the line between fixing a terrible disease and enhancing the human condition?"

After spending years studying the genetic development of mouse and human embryos, Dr. Rossant paved the way for important new possibilities in medical science -- particularly in the area of stem cell therapy. Much of this research was conducted at the Hospital for Sick Children, in Toronto. She is now President and Chief Scientist for the Gairdner Foundation. We hear highlights from her 2016 Henry G. Friesen Lecture, in Ottawa, as well as an interview with Paul Kennedy.

The Causes and Consequences of Brexit: Timothy Garton Ash (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, January 2017

The election of Donald Trump. Brexit. The turn towards the hard right across Europe. We're in a new era, according to celebrated historian and political writer, Timothy Garton Ash. One in which populist, anger-fueled movements are gathering increasing momentum, not only in the West but throughout the world.

"Let me immediately put my cards on the table, and tell you where I stand on this question of Brexit. I said the day after the referendum that the best day of my political life was the 9th of November 1989 with the fall of the Berlin Wall. And the worst day of my political life was the 23rd of June 2016 [Brexit vote]."

Reconciliation Before Reconciliation with Dr. Tracey Lindberg

CBC Radio, Ideas, January 2017

Dr. Tracey Lindberg explores the importance of reconciliation with self, with community, and with Indigenous peoples in advance of reconciliation with Canada.

The truth about "post-truth" (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, January 2017

The election of Donald Trump has ignited talk that we're now living in a "post-truth" era. But are we? Where does the idea that the truth no longer exists come from? Or the notion that the truth doesn't matter anymore? Host Paul Kennedy talks to thinkers who argue that the story began years earlier, with a kind of collective identity crisis: authoritarianism can become attractive when you no longer remember who you are.

"'Post-truth' is often understood as involving people's emotions rather than their critical abilities to make distinctions. And I think that might be true but i think it's important to keep in mind that emotion and truth are not two different things. Emotion has to do with what we care about and truths have to do with things that are the case. The two have to work together." -- Kathleen Higgins

Wachtel On The Arts - John Neumeier

CBC Radio, Ideas, January 2017

John Neumeier has been at the cutting edge of dance for more than fifty years. When he was studying English Literature and Theatre at university in Milwaukee, the head of the drama department recognized his talent and connected him with modern dance pioneer Sybil Shearer in Chicago. Before long, John Neumeier was studying at the Royal Ballet Company in London, England. There, another chance encounter landed him a contract at the Stuttgart Ballet, led by the influential John Cranko. At the age of 27, and very much to his surprise, John Neumeier was invited to become the artistic director of the Frankfurt Ballet. Then, in 1973, scarcely 30 years old, he became Artistic Director of the Hamburg Ballet. And he's been there ever since.

Screened Off: The dangers of an insular web

CBC Radio, Ideas, January 2017

Corporate control, and the "tyranny of the popular." Fake news, filter bubbles, and apps as "walled gardens." Have we lost a free and democratic internet? And did we do this to ourselves? Sue Gardner, ex-of the Wikimedia Foundation, writer Hossein Derakhan, and Brodie Fenlon of CBC Digital News join Paul Kennedy onstage at Ryerson University's Centre for Free Expression, in Toronto.

The Enright Files - Ideas to make a better world (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, January 2017

Many of the things we take for granted in Canada -- universal health care, public pensions, a five-day work week -- were once considered utopian pipe dreams. The same is true of a lot of current ideas to make a better world and improve our quality of life: they endure ridicule and pushback until some brave souls flout conventional wisdom and try them out. This month on The Enright Files, ideas to improve our communities, our countries and our quality of life.

Rutger Bregman, the author of Utopia for Realists: The Case for a Universal Basic Income, Open Borders, and a 15-Hour Workweek.

Janette Sadik-Khan, the former Transportation Commissioner for New York City and the co-author of Street Fight: Handbook for an Urban Revolution.

Pasi Sahlberg, the Director General of the Centre for International Mobility and Cooperation in Helsink and the author of Finnish Lessons: What Can the World Learn from Educational Change in Finland?

Karyn McCluskey, the Director of the Violence Reduction Unit of the Glasgow police.

The 2016 Sobey Art Award

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part 1, Part 2, December 2016

Over two shows, IDEAS profiles the five regional finalists: from the West Coast & Yukon: Jeremy Shaw; Prairies and the North: Brenda Draney; Ontario: Charles Stankievech; Quebec: Hajra Waheed; The Atlantic: William Robinson.

Reflections on Global Affairs: Is the world really falling apart? (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, December 2016

The news has been bleak: Brexit, populism, terrorism and, an America divided. The war in Syria continues to rage and the number of refugees and other migrants world-wide is soaring. Then, there's economic inequality and a host of other big concerns. It's tempting to think that everything is falling apart. But is that really true? IDEAS in partnership with the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto reflects upon the state of the world, along with a razor sharp panel.

Michael Blake, Professor of Philosophy, Public Policy, and Governance at the University of Washington; Randall Hansen, Director of the Centre of European, Russian & Eurasian Studies at the Munk School of Global Affairs and Professor of Political Science; Janice Stein, the Founding Director of the Munk School of Global Affairs and an internationally renowned expert on international conflict and global governance; and moderator Stephen Toope, Director of the Munk School of Global Affairs, take the global view in a time of disruption and change.

Seed Banks: Re-sowing paradise

CBC Radio, Ideas, December 2016

For their potential to be awakened hundreds -- if not thousands -- of years later, seeds have captured our imagination. Seeds that have been entombed with Egyptian mummies, seeds that have sat dormant in mud banks for a generation, seeds that have been tucked into 18th century letters -- all sit expectantly for humans to rediscover them and bring them back to life.

While individuals have always saved seeds, with global warming and with so many plant species now threatened, seed banks have become a strategy to preserve biodiversity. Seed banks might be low-tech operations run out of an individual's home, or high-tech facilities dug into the Norwegian permafrost. The orientation of these collections might vary (a seed "bank" or a seed "sanctuary") but the impulse is the same -- to guard these potentially vibrant objects against extinction.

The Sea Women

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2007

South Korea's "sea women" have been harvesting commercial treasures from the ocean floor since the 4th century. With only a few tools and fishing baskets slung over their shoulders, these sunburnt and wrinkled grandmothers can dive up to 20 metres on a single breath. Their dives mix dexterity, desire and death. Vancouver writer and broadcaster Gloria Chang returns to the country of her birth for an intimate portrayal of these cultural icons and to unravel a matriarchal mystery: Why do only women take to the waters?

Writing in worried times: GG Award winners share their anxieties

CBC Radio, Ideas, December 2016

They may be successful writers, but that doesn't mean the 2016 Governor General's Literary Award winners are immune from worry about the world around us. Five authors share some brand new work on that theme, and explain how they grapple with the cultural issues that make them most anxious.

Steven Heighton is a novelist and poet based in Kingston, Ontario. Martine Leavitt is an Alberta-born fiction writer living in Vermont. Bill Waiser is a historian in Saskatoon. Madeleine Thien is a Montreal fiction writer. Colleen Murphy is a playwright based in Toronto.

Cracking our moral code: How we decide what's right and wrong

CBC Radio, Ideas, December 2016

We all have a moral code -- a clear sense of what is right and what is wrong. But the reasons why we make certain decisions can quickly get fuzzy. Producer John Chipman explores why some people stick to their moral codes more stringently than others, and delves into the latest neuroimaging research to find out what it can tell us about what guides our moral decisions.

Decoding Death: The science and significance of near death experiences (debunk)

CBC Radio, Ideas, December 2016

People have reported "near death experiences", or NDE's, over centuries and across cultures. The nature of them has historically been the territory of religion and philosophy. But now science has staked its claim in the discussion. And the questions are profound: where is consciousness produced, in the brain, or somewhere else? Can consciousness continue to exist even after the heart and brain have stopped working? Contributor Ashley Walters explores the science and the meaning of near death experiences.

The Enright Files on William Shakespeare & James Joyce

CBC Radio, Ideas, December 2016

On the 400th anniversary of Shakespeare's death, Stratford Festival veterans Colm Feore and Seana McKenna talked to Michael Enright to describe what Shakespeare demands of his actors; how his characters embody the essential qualities of humanity, and why despite the barrier of Elizabethan language, Shakespeare in the 21st century is more relevant than ever.

One hundred years ago -- on December 29, 1916 -- James Joyce published his first novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Michael Enright talks to Irish politician and Joyce scholar Senator David Norris, Irish cultural historian and Joyce scholar Declan Kiberd, and Canadian professor of literature and Joyce scholar Jennifer Levine.

Rear View Mirror: Has the future ever looked like the past?

CBC Radio, Ideas, December 2016

Why does history matter? The conventional reason we're given is that in order to comprehend the future, we need to know the past, that there are lessons in history -- that the mistakes of the past can teach us what to avoid in the future, that unbridled political power leads to dictatorship, that war is a bad way to settle things. But does the past really have anything to teach us -- has the future ever looked like the past?

Bob Rae, Margaret MacMillan, Karin Wells.

The dangerous game: Gamergate and the "alt-right" (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, November 2016

Emma Vossen's love of gaming started when she was a kid growing up in small-town Ontario. Now as a PhD candidate at the University of Waterloo Games Institute, she looks to gamer culture as a microcosm of how sexism is seeded and replicated within broader society, and she draws connections between gamer culture and the rise of the political extreme right.

Kishonna Gray -- visiting scholar and associate professor at MIT and founder of the Critical Gaming Lab at Eastern Kentucky University. She's also the author of Race, Gender, and Deviance in Xbox Live.

"All of a sudden it became completely normalized that the king of all Internet trolls [Donald Trump] became the president." — Anita Sarkeesian, director of Feminist Frequency, a non-profit organization exploring the representations of women in pop culture.

Jennifer Jensen -- York University professor of pedagogy and technology, and director of the Institute for Research on Digital Learning. She is also the president of the Canadian Games Studies Association.

Is That All There Is? Exploring the meaning & future of science (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, November 2016

Science helps us understand ourselves and our own place in the cosmos. But how far does the math take us? And what do science and the humanities tell us when we look at the same questions from different points of view? From the Stratford Festival, a discussion between physicist Neil Turok, science writer Margaret Wertheim and philosopher Mark Kingwell.

"We've seen these incredible advances in our basic knowledge of the universe, at the same time the discipline itself is in a crisis. So what's the crisis? Essentially nothing new has been predicted in fundamental physics for three decades" -- Neil Turok, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo.

The Matter of Meat: A history of pros and cons

CBC Radio, Ideas, November 2016

Eating meat: some say we've evolved to do it. It's in our DNA. It's how we got our big brains. Yet others, as far back as Pythagoras, have argued that eating meat is bad for our bodies, cruel to animals, and toxic to the planet. Now -- perhaps more than ever -- when it comes to the matter of meat, clear-cut answers can be hard to come by. Kevin Ball serves up the arguments.

The Tedium is the Message

CBC Radio, Ideas, November 2016

It's never been easier to banish the feeling of boredom -- at least for a moment. But some fear our weapons of mass distraction could lead to an epidemic of ennui and ADD. Contributor Peter Mitton examines boredom and discovers a little-understood universal state of mind. From its obvious downsides and unexpected upsides, to its evolutionary origins and the way it's shaping our future.

The uncertain future of journalism and why it matters

CBC Radio, Ideas, November 2016

Whether it's radio, television, print or online, anyone who works in journalism can feel the ground shifting under their feet. The business model of news has been radically disrupted by the Internet age, and yet, the mandate of journalism remains the same: to uncover and report the truth and hold power to account. In this month's edition of The Enright Files, Michael Enright explores the mandate of journalism and how to maintain the integrity and craft even while it faces an uncertain future.

Wachtel on the Arts - Ai Weiwei (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, November 2016

Chinese artist Ai Weiwei has been called "the most powerful artist in the world" and "a contemporary icon of resistance." He's reached an almost unprecedented level of international fame, both for his powerful work and his tough political criticism. He talks to Eleanor Wachtel about his beautiful and subversive art and about his fight for freedom and democracy in China.

Together with volunteers he gathered through the Internet, Ai Weiwei went town to town and door to door in Sichuan, talking to the families of the children who had been killed. Then he published their names, birthdays, and other information on his website. This is what ultimately led to his arrest and detention.

Nominating Leonard Cohen for a Nobel Prize

CBC Radio, Ideas, November 2016

In the fall of 2013, we broadcast several programs celebrating Paul Kennedy's 15 years as host of IDEAS. Nominating Leonard Cohen for a Nobel Prize was one of the episodes we revisited. This lively open forum was recorded at the 2005 Blue Metropolis Literary Festival in Montreal. Panelists include critic, Ed Palumbo; poet, translator and broadcaster, Michel Garneau; jazz singer, Karen Young; and poet George Elliot Clarke.

Friday, January 12, 2018

CBC Radio Archive (Part3)

Marconi: The Man Who Networked the World

CBC Radio, Ideas, November 2016

Our phones, our laptops, even our cars communicate invisibly through the air. Our wireless world owes thanks to an Italian teenager who went on to win the Nobel Prize and changed how wars were fought. But Guglielmo Marconi also supported the rise of Italian fascism. McGill professor Marc Raboy has just published a major biography of Marconi and he takes IDEAS producer David Gutnick on a tour of Marconi's influences in Montreal.

Making America Great Again (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, November 2016

As Americans prepare to vote after perhaps the wildest presidential campaign in history, we present a Munk Debate from earlier this fall. The resolution: "Be it resolved, Donald Trump can make America great again." Arguing in favour, politician Newt Gingrich and talk-show host Laura Ingraham. Their opponents, former Secretary of Labor Robert Reich and former governor Jennifer Granholm.

"This is somebody.... whose limos drive on roads paid for by federal taxes but who cannot himself see fit to contribute in any way to the commons" -- Jennifer Granholm

American Fascism: It can't happen here? (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

Donald Trump has been called a buffoon, an entertainer, a circus clown. He's also been called a fascist. What did his campaign, and the voters it mobilized, have in common with Fascism, not only in Europe but in America's own dark past?

"As long you have racism, as long as you have Islamophobia, as long as you have rampant misogyny, you're going to have the wellsprings of fascist sensibility." -- Chris Vials

It Can't Happen Here by American writer, Sinclair Lewis, was published in 1935, and later mounted as a play. Lewis was the first American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, in 1930. His novel captures how fascist thinking demonizes entire groups of people, how it tacitly or explicitly sanctions political violence -- and how its rhetoric privileges emotionality over rationality, and charisma over substance.

Dust to Dust: Notes on rituals for the dead

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

Barbara Nichol looks at four sets of death rituals: ritual practices in Singapore, in Indonesia, in the south Amazon and in the West, to try to find themes and links. But every pattern turns out to have exceptions. Every statement comes with footnotes

What's On Our Quarter? The past and future of Canadian caribou

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

No, it's not a moose, which is what most people think it is. The animal is actually a caribou -- one of the most important but misunderstood species in Canada. Paul Kennedy reports from the International Caribou Conference in Thunder Bay about the past and the future of Canadian caribou.

The shadow of charm city: Inside America's great racial divide (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

In a bid to instill civic pride forty years ago, Baltimore was officially named "Charm City". Today, some call Baltimore a war zone - over 300 homicides per year amid 16,000 vacant homes. And the death of an African-American man in police custody in 2015 sparked the worst urban riots since the 1960's. IDEAS producer Mary O'Connell takes us inside America's great racial divide.

Generation Mars

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part 1, Part 2, October 2016

The day might well be approaching when humans set foot on Mars. We'll be driven by a desire to find life -- or what remains of it -- and to colonize the planet. Stephen Humphrey and a stellar crew of authors, astronauts and Mars scholars confront the hazards, risks and challenges of getting humans to Mars, and then of surviving -- and living -- on the Red Planet.

Wachtel On The Arts - Paul Verhoeven

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

With movies such as Robocop, Total Recall, Basic Instinct, and Black Book, Dutch-born director Paul Verhoeven is always pushing the limits and challenging audiences. He calls his new movie, Elle, his most subversive film yet. Verhoeven talks to Eleanor Wachtel at the 2016 Toronto International Film Festival about growing up in the Netherlands during the Second World War, how that influenced him as a filmmaker, his careers in Holland and Hollywood, why he's a believer in realism, and working with Isabelle Huppert.

Tocqueville's America Revisited (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part 1, Part 2, October 2016

Nearly 200 years ago, a young French aristocrat traveled across the Atlantic to get a first-hand immersion in American democracy. Alexis de Tocqueville spent nine months touring the United States, talking to hundreds of people, trying to understand the country's strengths and weaknesses. Some have called his writing prophetic, capturing the essence of the American experiment with democracy -- both back when he was visiting the U.S. in the 1830s and today.

Ryan Balot
Arthur Goldhammer
Jennifer Pitts

A Seat at the Table: the future of a pluralist society (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

How do we go about building an equitable society, where the voices - and the values - of diverse communities are listened to and respected? What are the limits to social change that we're willing to entertain, and how do we work towards finding and establishing common social values?

These are all challenges facing the world today, where the ideal of pluralism is in retreat; in Canada we seem to have figured a few things out about how different cultures can co-exist, but there's still a long road ahead, and the future is uncertain. From the Stratford Festival, a discussion featuring journalist Nahlah Ayed, film-maker and writer Nelofer Pazira, and demographer Michael Adams.

When Man Becomes God - Yuval Harari (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

In his new book “Homo Deus”, Yuval Harari argues that humankind is on the verge of transforming itself: advances creating networked intelligences will surpass our own in speed, capability and impact. But where will this leave us?

God Wants You To Be Rich (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

Why do millions of Christians in the United States believe that their faith, financial status and health are all intertwined? That's the question that Paul Kennedy explores with Kate Bowler, author of Blessed: A History of the American Prosperity Gospel. They turn to the early 20th century beginnings of this uniquely made-in-America brand of theology, where it was first preached in pentecostal tent revivals. Now it's being preached from mega-churches across the country. For many, it is a key to a richer and fuller life. For its critics, it's hucksterism at its worst.

The Post-Modern Chimpanzee's Guide to Parenting (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

Evolutionary anthropologist and University of Toronto PhD student Iulia Badescu spent 11 months camped out in a Ugandan jungle to observe baby chimpanzees and their parents -- and babysitters! She was surprised to find there's a much wider range of childcare styles than have previously been documented. Some chimps weaned earlier than others. Mothers took advantage of babysitting offers from other members of the community, including adult males, who might traditionally be considered a threat. Her observations shifted her gaze towards scientists themselves, and how they tend to filter what they see based on their own cultural assumptions.

Biocentrism: Rethinking Time, Space, Consciousness, and the Illusion of Death (debunk)

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

In this model, the universe was presented as a kind of self-operating machine. It was composed of stupid stuff, meaning atoms of hydrogen and other elements that had no innate intelligence. Nor did any sort of external intelligence rule. Rather, unseen forces such as gravity and electromagnetism, acting according to the random laws of chance, produced everything we observe... As for how consciousness could arise in the first place, no one even has guesses. We cannot fathom how lumps of carbon, drops of water, or atoms of insensate hydrogen ever came together and acquired a sense of smell. The issue is apparently too baffling to raise at all.

The Enright Files on America's Culture of Violence (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, October 2016

The United States may not be the most violent nation on the planet, but its spasms of violence, particularly manifested in mass shootings, grip the world's attention.

Andrew Solomon is a frequent contributor to The New Yorker, The New York Times and many other publications.His literary field of vision ranges widely over the arts, politics and psychology, and he is a long-time advocate for LGBT rights. His most recent book is Far and Away: Reporting from the Brink of Change.

Rebecca Solnit is an essayist, author, environmental and political activist whose work and energies run the gamut from climate change to women's rights, especially violence against women. She is the author of more than 17 books, and her journalism has appeared in numerous publications, in the U.S. and internationally.

Saul Cornell is the Paul and Diane Gunther Chair in History at Fordham University. He's the former Director of the Second Amendment Research Center, and the author of A Well-Regulated Militia: The Founding Fathers and the Origins of Gun Control in America.

Patricia Williams is an astute analyst of race and and the law. She's the James L. Dohr Professor of Law at Columbia University, and her books include The Alchemy of Race and Rights and Seeing a Color Blind Future: The Paradox of Race. She also writes a column called Diary of a Mad Law Professor for The Nation magazine.

Soft Vengeance: Albie Sachs on loving your enemy into defeat (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

Longtime freedom fighter, activist, lawyer and judge on South Africa's Constitutional Court, Albie Sachs has lived many lives. Injured by a car bomb in Mozambique, he had every right to be bitter and angry, but he turned instead to "soft vengeance" -- loving your enemy into defeat, working to make a country that would be fair for everyone. In Canada to give the fifth annual Global Centre for Pluralism lecture, he talks to Paul Kennedy about his own remarkable life, and what he's learned about building a society. The programme includes excerpts from the lecture.

Changing the System

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

Artists are visionary, and their work often anticipates tectonic shifts in the future social landscape. But what relationship does art have with social change? What obligations, if any, do artists have to foster social justice? These are precisely the questions that André Alexis, Rebecca Belmore, Deepa Mehta and Buffy Sainte-Marie try to answer in an on-stage appearance at Toronto's Massey Hall that formed part of the Creative Minds Series, produced by The Art Gallery of Ontario, The Banff Centre, Massey Hall and the CBC. The event was moderated by CBC Radio host, Matt Galloway.

Darkwave - Underwater languages at the brink of extinction

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

Whales are threatened by us, their language eroding through noise and climate change. Carrie Haber explores how marine scientists around the world are thinking about our evolutionary courtship with these mammals in the sea.

Until about ten or fifteen years ago it was a bit dangerous to talk about animal culture in scientific meetings.

Designing Life: The Brave New World of Gene Editing (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

A recent development in genetic editing, called CRISPR-Cas9, is bringing the dream of eliminating inherited diseases one step closer to reality. CRISPR-Cas9 is short for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats associated protein nine. It's a tool that makes editing DNA so easy, some say you could do it in your kitchen or garage.

A distinguished panel of experts gathered at Montreal's McGill University this past spring to discuss this development in gene editing. There are big hopes for this technology, as well as serious concerns about its potential uses, and how to control or regulate it. The panel at McGill University addressed these questions.

Alan Peterson of the Faculty of Medicine
Richard Gold, of the Faculty of Law and Faculty of Medicine
Daniel Weinstock, of the Faculty of Law

The Philosopher's Walk with Frédéric Bouchard (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

Frédéric Bouchard is philosopher of science and biology at l'Université de Montréal, and the perfect companion for a walk through the Jean Talon Market. His research focuses on the theoretical foundations of evolutionary biology and ecology as well as on the relationship between science and society. The result is a fascinating discussion about mushrooms, unpasteurized goat cheese and honey bees, and how they can make you think about humankind's place in the universe in a whole different way.

or centuries, we thought we humans were unique, and that we towered over non-human animals because of our ability to speak, or make fire, or whatever. But Professor Bouchard is out to disrupt that triumphalist thinking: "I'm interested in understanding what is a human being? That's one thing that this market helps you do but also once we figure that out, understand that we're not above other species. But we are part of nature and we are as varied as all of the things you see here."​

Solutions For A Warming World (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

Experts on climate change gather for the fourth Muskoka Summit on the Environment and discuss options to offset rising global temperatures caused by the continued use of carbon-based fuels. Can the optimism (and the activism) that was sparked in Paris convince governments around the world to do what's necessary to save the planet?

- Nigel Roulet, Professor of Biogeosciences, McGill University
- Stewart Elgie, Professor in Environmental Law and Economics at the University of Ottawa and Chair of Sustainable Prosperity
- Elizabeth May, Leader of the Green Party of Canada
- Andy Heintzman, CEO and co-founder of Investeco Capital Corp ​
- David Miller, President & CEO, World Wildlife Fund Canada
- Catherine Potvin, Professor, Department of Biology, McGill University

Wachtel On The Arts - Thomas Vinterberg

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

Danish filmmaker Thomas Vinterberg burst onto the international scene in 1998 with his film The Celebration. It was an unflinching look at the dynamics of an upper class Danish family that is rocked by revelations of sexual abuse at the patriarch's 60th birthday party.

The Celebration wasn't just a critical hit. It was also the first Dogme film. Dogme was a movement that Vinterberg co-founded in 1995 with Lars Von Trier and other Danish filmmakers. It rejected any kind of ornamentation in cinema. That included props, artificial lighting, and any sound or music not already on the set. And it insisted everything be shot in real time.

Thomas Vinterberg's next big hit was The Hunt. It stars Mads Mikkelsen as a kindergarten assistant who's falsely accused of sexually abusing the children. It's a portrait of a society gripped by fear and mass hysteria as Lucas becomes a hunted animal. The Hunt won numerous awards, including best actor for Mikkelsen at Cannes.

Now, Thomas Vinterberg has a new movie, called The Commune. It's inspired by his own experience of growing up in a commune in Copenhagen in the 1970s and '80s. It's also an affectionate portrayal of a generation who gradually let go of their ideals as they're confronted with reality.

What did we think we were doing? (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

"What did we think we were doing, we young writers of Canada?" That's a question Margaret Atwood asked during a Canadian Literature Centre talk in Edmonton. In excerpts from the talk and in conversation with Paul Kennedy, she considers the accidental but sometimes intentional creation of a culture and a tradition. In both lecture and interview, Ms Atwood entertainingly recounts some of the events, large and small, that helped shape her writing and Canadian literature. Some things were unimaginable decades ago, like the diversity and strength of Canadian writing today.

First Signs: Unlocking the Mysteries of the World's Oldest Symbols

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

Paul Kennedy takes a trip back in time to the Ice Age with renowned Canadian archaeologist Genevieve von Petzinger. That's where they discuss the possible meaning behind the strange geometric shapes that appear along with cave art from the Paleolithic Period, and her struggle to crack the code on the first form of graphic communication.

Genevieve von Petzinger is a world-renowned expert on prehistoric art. What's she's discovered has shaken up her entire field. Most researchers of Ice Age art focus on paintings of mammoths or bison, from famous sites like Lascaux or Chauvet. But Genevieve von Petzinger has devoted her professional life to something else: the lines, hand prints, and dots that have -- until now -- been given scarce attention.

Analog Resistance (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

In the 1960s, young Soviet iconoclasts waged a musical battle against the banality of state-sanctioned culture. Simon Nakonechny looks at the phenomenon of Magnitizdat, and ponders its parallels to forms of cultural dissidence in Russia today

Guitar poets, known as bards, would strum their seven-string Russian guitars and sing of taboo topics to groups of trusted friends. Bulat Okudzhava, Alexander Galich, Vladimir Vysotsky - they were the Bob Dylans, the Leonard Cohens of the Eastern Bloc.And the messages in their songs would soon "go viral" thanks to an exciting new technology: portable reel-to-reel recorders.

The Rabbit and the Giraffe: Jean Vanier (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part1, Part2, September 2016

In 1964 Jean Vanier invited two men with developmental needs, Raphael Simi and Philippe Seux, to live with him in a small house in the French village of Trosly-Breuil. He named their house "L'Arche," after Noah's Ark. Bit by bit their little family grew, as new people arrived, looking for a home, and more houses were needed in the village. Other helpers arrived too, and now, fifty-something years later, L'Arche is an international organisation, with communities in thirty countries.

And Jean Vanier is still around. The little house where it all started was sold a while back, but the village is still the heart of L'Arche, where Jean Vanier has a small cottage on rue d'Orleans. He's 88 now -- his birthday was this past Saturday-- but he still thinks and talks and writes about the great ideas that have shaped both his life, and the lives of thousands of people who are off the charts of what's considered normal. More important, perhaps, Jean Vanier changed all of our lives, because his radical ideas about mental and developmental abilities have, to use a cliche, changed the conversation all over the world about what it means to be normal, where among us there are gifts we overlook, what the Good Society should look like, and how we should regard each other.

Jean Vanier is a practical man, he was at the forefront of the group home movement, but he's also a visionary, a philosopher and a theologian. Jean Vanier likes to talk about the rabbit and the giraffe: the giraffe sees what's off in the distance and goes there in great strides; the rabbit, however, just sees what's directly in front, and proceeds by nibbles. Jean Vanier sees himself as the rabbit. So we've called our programme The Rabbit and the Giraffe. Ideas producer Philip Coulter went to Trosly-Breuil to record this conversation.

Ibrahim's Story (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

Monarchies and Dictatorship. Coups and Colonialism. War and civil conflict. The road through 20th-century Iraq is littered with cataclysms like these. But what's been obscured by these seismic events is how Iraqis resisted geopolitical interventions and tried to create a society based on their own ideals. In fact, much of modern western media has excluded the personal narratives of those who've fought and died trying to create a democratic Iraq.

Ibrahim al-Hariri is a writer and journalist who's spent his life living out that ideal. His story begins with his childhood in Beirut and continues with his imprisonment and torture as a teenager in Iraq. Ibrahim and his fellow Communists continued to struggle – first, against British colonial rule, then against Saddam Hussein's regime and finally the American occupation. After 70 years of political resistance, Ibrahim Ismail presents his untold story which provides an insightful and dramatic back-drop to the chaos and violence of present-day Iraq.

Homework Ban (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

Homework is a flashpoint for conflict, both in the home as well as between the home and the school. Parents like Dawn Quelch are taking a stand and banning it from their homes. A hundred years ago homework was described as a 'sin against childhood'. But the practice is still a staple of our education system. IDEAS producer Nicola Luksic examines the ideological roots of this tension, which goes back to the beginnings of public education and the shift in thinking about child psychology and development.

The Enright Files - Conversations about Canadian Art

CBC Radio, Ideas, September 2016

Conversations with and about great Canadian artists. Featured guests: actor/comedian Steve Martin on Lawren Harris, former Art Gallery of Ontario director and CEO Matthew Teitelbaum on Alex Colville, and Newfoundland painter Mary Pratt.

Re-Imagining Ecology (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, August 2016

Three experts in urban and environmental conservation discuss an ecological approach to the restoration and preservation of both wilderness and cityscapes. Sophia Rabliauskas of Manitoba's Poplar River First Nation worked to protect 43,000 square kilometres of Boreal forest. Glen Murray supported urban sustainability, first as Mayor of Winnipeg and now as Minister of Environment in Ontario. And Julian Smith is Dean of Faculty at the Willowbank School of Restoration Arts.

Citizen Mel (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part1, Part2, June 2011

Mel Hurtig died at the age of 84. His name was virtually synonymous with the words "Canadian nationalist". For almost fifty years, Mel Hurtig was a prominent voice in any discussion about the country that he loved. He was a bookseller, a publisher and a catalyst for debate on subjects ranging from child poverty to nuclear arms. Former IDEAS producer Kathleen Flaherty traced Mel Hurtig's lifelong quest to shape a Canada that he passionately believed in.

Mel Hurtig declared his love for Canada at every opportunity. On the other hand, when Mel Hurtig didn't like something, he immediately decided to do something about it. He believed that none of us has any right to complain about the way things are unless we act to change them. He fought many battles over the years and his name was enough to make some people roll their eyes in exasperation. But he received a considerable amount of approbation as well, including the Order of Canada.

Throughout his forty-plus years of activism, Mel Hurtig never held political office, although he tried twice. He did it all as an Edmonton businessman, an ordinary guy from Alberta, a citizen of Canada.

Tinctor's Foul Manual

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2013

In the basement of the Rutherford Library at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, a series of custom-made book boxes protect valuable and fragile manuscripts. Arrayed on the shelves, they look like sets of encyclopedias. But one of the book boxes holds knowledge of a very different sort, a malevolent treatise, innocently labelled Treatise against the Sect of Waldensians.

It was written in 1460 by a cleric named Jean Taincture, or more commonly, Johannes Tinctor. Johannes Tinctor's virulent treatise was fundamental in codifying witch hunts in late medieval Europe. But it also helped create our modern ideas of witches, and of witch hunts, both supernatural, and secular.

Undoing Forever

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2014

Crisper could, in a manner of speaking, undo extinction.

Mark Peck, Ornithology Technician at the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.

Stewart Brand, writer and co-founder of Revive and Restore and The Long Now Foundation, San Francisco.

Ben Novak, Research and Science Consultant at Revive and Restore, San Francisco.

Dr. Beth Shapiro, Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at University of California Santa Cruz and Co-Director of UCSC Paleogenomics Center.

Dr. Hendrik Poinar, Director of the Ancient DNA Centre at McMaster University, Hamilton and Canada Research Chair in Paleogenetics.

Norman Carlin, Lawyer practicing environmental and land use law and Partner at Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP, San Francisco.

Dr. Dolly Jorgensen, Environmental Historian and Professor at Umea University, Sweden.

Dr. Thomas Van Dooren, Professor in Environmental Humanities at University of New South Wales, Australia.

Regenesis: How Synthetic Biology Will Reinvent Nature and Ourselves, by George M. Church and Ed Regis, published by Basic Books, 2012.

Peace and Justice - A Celebration of Ursula Franklin (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, July 2016

To commemorate the recent death, and to celebrate the remarkable life of Ursula Franklin, we turn to the IDEAS archives, and sample over forty years of appearances by the public intellectual who delivered the 1989 CBC Massey Lectures -- "The Real World of Technology". Highlights include her profound (and still remarkably relevant) response to the events of September 11, 2001.

She makes a startling statement about the effect of technology noting that people who would abhor and act against a certain violent act will instead enjoy it when delivered over TV.

Rewilding (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, November 2014

After centuries of negative human impact on our landscapes, some people are calling for rewilding: allowing landscapes to return to a natural state. Anik See takes a look at rewilding efforts in Canada, seen as one of the wildest places on the planet, and in the Netherlands, where similar efforts have reached a critical point.

Reconciliation in South Africa: Has it succeeded? (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, July 2016

Judge Richard Goldstone presents the 2015 Vancouver Human Rights Lecture at the University of British Columbia. It's been twenty-one years since the end of Apartheid. Goldstone reviews the successes and the failures of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission in his lecture. And he discusses his work as a judge in South Africa pre-and post-reconciliation.

Coyotl's Song

CBC Radio, Ideas, December 2001

One of nature's success stories, coyotes have expanded from the Great Plains to most of North America, even living happily in urban parks. IDEAS producer Dave Redel reflects on the science and mythology of the wily coyote.

Even as humans have tamed the wilderness and asserted our domination, coyotes have been quietly thriving. In less than a century they've expanded far beyond their home in the great plains. Now coyotes live happily from Alaska to Mexico, from coast to coast, from prairies to mountains to cities. They're in every province, even Newfoundland and Labrador, and turn up regularly in Vancouver, Toronto, even Central Park in New York. Despite mass poisonings and eradication campaigns, despite hunting and hatred and persecution, North America's great Trickster, Old Man Coyote still lives and prospers.

- Eric Gese, then Assistant Professor at Utah State University and biologist with the National Wildlife Research Centre in Utah, now Professor of Wildland Resources, Utah State University.
- Marc Bekoff, then biologist at University of Colorado and editor of Coyotes: Biology Behavior and Management and now Professor Emeritus of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado.
- Philip Lehner, then and now, retired professor of Biology at Colorado State University, specialist in coyote vocalizations.
- Kristine Lampa, then Executive Director of Stanley Park Ecology Society, now Kristine Webber, Executive Director of NatureKids B.C.
- William Bright, then retired Professor of Linguistics and Anthropology, UCLA, author of A Coyote Reader. Professor Bright passed away in 2006.

The Ballad of Tin Ears

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2014

Many of us love to sing, but we're not all good at it. Some of us can't even carry a tune and are told not to sing. Tim Falconer dives into neuroscience, psychology -- and music itself -- to find out why he's a bad singer - and if there's anything he can do about it


CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2016

Artists, says James Shapiro, can tell us more about the meaning of the news than CNN or CBC. Shakespeare's Macbeth is a moral tale for every one of us, and also for great nations. In conversation with Stratford Festival artistic director Antoni Cimolino, Shakespeare scholar James Shapiro draws a line from Shakespeare's time to our own, from Birnam Wood to Brexit.

The Human Factor - Hannah Arendt (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2014

Was Adolph Eichmann not ultimately responsible for the destruction of six million Jews? Or were Jews themselves partially to blame for their own fate? Fifty years ago, the political philosopher Hannah Arendt published a famous book that seemed to imply these things, and created an instant uproar that has never ended. Roger Berkowitz, Adam Gopnik, Rivka Galchen and Adam Kirsch debate the reality behind Hannah Arendt and her ideas.

"There are no dangerous thoughts; thinking itself is dangerous."

"The sad truth is that most evil is done by people who never make up their minds to be good or evil."

"The aim of totalitarian education has never been to instill convictions but to destroy the capacity to form any."

"Storytelling reveals meaning without committing the error of defining it."

Wit's End: Understanding Mental Illness (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part1, Part2, June 2016

What's it like to go mad and be crazy, living at wit's end? First comes diagnosis, followed by treatment. Then there's stigma and stereotyping. This two-part series looks at mental illness, past and present, theory and practice, from asylums to labs in neuroscience. Marilyn Powell talks to those dealing with mental illness with their own truth to tell.

- Joel Gold, psychiatrist, Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, co-author or Suspicious Minds: How Culture Shapes Madness
- Ian Gold, philosopher, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Psychiatry, McGill University, co-author of Suspicious Minds: How Culture Shapes Madness
- Kevin A. Hall, writer, racing navigator, speed testing manager, sailing performance and racing instruments expert, author of the memoir, Black Sails White Rabbits: Cancer Was the Easy Part
- Erin Soros, writer, oral historian, author of Hook Tender, a novel in progress
- Elyn R. Saks, writer, The Center Cannot Hold: My Journey Through Madness, Associate Dean and Orrin B. Evans Professor of Law, Psychology, and Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences at the University of Southern California Gould Law School; adjunct professor of psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine; research clinical associate, New Center for Psychoanalysis
- Aristotle Voineskos, neuroscientist, psychiatrist, Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine at the University of Toronto; Director of the Slaight Family Centre for Youth in Transition; Head of the Kimel Family Translational Imaging-Genetics Laboratory.
- Daniel Blumberger, psychiatrist and scientist, Clinician Scientist in the Brain Stimulation and Geriatric Mental Health Progras, head of the Late-Life Mood Disorders Clinic, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto
- Tom Churchill, retired, living with major, clinical depression
- Deanna Cole-Benjamin, nurse, sufferer of major, clinical depression, Clinical Educator Mental Health Program, Kingston General Hospital, Part-time Faculty, St. Lawrence College, Kingston
- John P.M. Court, historian and archivist, CAMH Achives, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto
- Jonathan Downar, neuroscientist and specialist in non-invasive brain stimulation, psychiatrist, Toronto Western Hospital, Co-Director of the MRI-Guided rTMS Clinic, the University Health Network, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto
- Helen Mayberg, neurologist, Professor , Psychiatry, Neuroimaging and Therapeutics, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University, Altlanta
- Andrew Scull, sociologist, Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Science Studies, University of California, San Diego, author of Madness in Civilization: a Cultural History of Insanity
- Kevin Healey, host, the Hearing Voices Café, Toronto
- Mark Solms, psychoanalyst and neuropsychologist, holds the Chair of Neuropsychology, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, President of the South African Psycoanalytical Association, co-founder of the journal Neuropsychoanalysis, author of The Feeling Brain: Selected Papers on Neurospychoanalysis

Big Data (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part1, Part2, June 2016

We leave a digital trail behind us everywhere we go: the calls we make, the emails we send, the links on which we click, the websites and documents that we retrieve. This also includes our social relationships, habits, preferences, even our movements in space and time. IDEAS, CBC RADIO ONE in partnership with the MUNK School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto weighs the opportunities, the risks -- and the trade-offs -- as the world of Big Data relentlessly changes our lives.

- Anita M. McGahan is Professor and Rotman Chair in Management at the Rotman School of Management at the University of Toronto.
- Ashkan Soltani is an independent researcher and technologist specializing in privacy, security, and behavioural economics.
- John Weigelt leads Microsoft Canada's strategic policy and technology efforts.
- Professor Stephen J. Toope is Director of the Munk School of Global Affairs.
- Dr. Ann Cavoukian is recognized as one of the world's leading privacy experts.
- Ronald J. Deibert, OOnt, is a Professor of Political Science, and Director of the Citizen Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto.
- Neil Desai is an executive with Magnet Forensics, a Waterloo, Ontario-based software company that provides digital forensic tools to law enforcement and national security agencies around the world.

Wachtel On The Arts - Jacques Herzog

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2016

From sports stadiums, to art galleries to concert halls, Swiss "star architects" Jacques Herzog and his partner, Pierre de Meuron, design buildings that attract people -- and make them want to stay there. From his home base in Basel, Jacques Herzog talks to Eleanor Wachtel about how architecture reflects a city -- and also changes it.

Beijing's iconic Olympic stadium, nicknamed the Bird's Nest. London's Tate Modern -- a former power station transformed into one of the world's largest -- and most visited -- art museums. An elegant, one-of-a kind parking garage in Miami that's a tourist destination in its own right. A stunning glass concert hall built atop an eight-storey, brick, 1960s coffee warehouse near Hamburg's harbour.

Public Poet - Richard Blanco

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2016

In 2013, at his second Presidential Inauguration, Barack Obama chose Richard Blanco to read a celebratory poem called One Today. He was the first gay person, and the first Cuban-American ever to do so. For that reason, Blanco was also the obvious choice to read poetry at the recent re-opening of the U.S. Embassy in Havana. He speaks with Paul Kennedy at the Blue Metropolis Literary Festival, in Montreal.

Counting in Colour - Daniel Tammet

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2016

As a very young boy, Daniel Tammet suffered severe epileptic seizures that seriously damaged parts of his developing brain. Doctors diagnosed him as autistic, and he retreated into a world of his own. At the same time, Daniel also began to show signs of extreme mental abilities. He could perform complicated mathematical computations with astounding speed and accuracy. He saw numbers differently from the rest of us. For him, every number possessed a different colour and a unique, three-dimensional shape. Daniel Tammet spoke with Paul Kennedy onstage at the Blue Metropolis Literary Festival, in Montreal.

The Enright Files - The Donald Trump Phenomenon (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2016

For the first few months of Donald Trump's bid for the Republican presidential nomination, much of the analysis of Trump's campaign revolved around how unthinkable it was that he could actually win it. Now, the conversation has shifted to trying to figure out what made Trump's ascendancy possible, or perhaps even inevitable. On this month's edition of The Enright Files, conversations about the Donald Trump phenomenon and what it says about the GOP and the American polity.

- David Frum, conservative commentator, senior editor of The Atlantic Monthly and former speechwriter for President George W. Bush
- Freddy Gray, deputy editor of The Spectator
- Eric Foner, DeWitt Clinton Professor of History at Columbia University and author of Pulitzer Prize-winning The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery
- Sarah Binder, political scientist at George Washington University and author of Stalemate: Causes and Consequences of Legislative Gridlock
- Clifford Orwin, political scientist at University of Toronto and Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution

Education for Transformation (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, June 2016

How do we go about building a better world that's more prosperous, more equitable, and happier? Maybe, it turns out, by improving the lives of girls and women, giving one half of the human race a fairer shake. That all seems to start with access to education. From the Stratford Festival, writer Marina Nemat, actor Maev Beaty, historian Natalie Zemon-Davis and social activist Samantha Nutt talk about the possibilities for global change when we level out the playing field of gender.

- Dr. Samantha Nutt, humanitarian and social activist, founder of War Child Canada.
- Marina Nemat, social activist in Iran who spent two years as a teenager in prison, author of Prisoner of Tehran.
- Natalie Zemon Davis, world-famous social historian, author of The Return of Martin Guerre.
- ​Maev Beaty, multiple Dora-Award winner and acclaimed Stratford actor, Goneril in King Lear and Queen Catherine in The Last Wife, among others.

No Man's Land (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part1, Part2, May 2016

On the outskirts of Calais there's a ramshackle city of tents and plywood huts, home for thousands of refugees and migrants - Lebanese, Syrian, Afghan, Pakistani - from all over, the world. Just across the beach is the English Channel, and they all wait to cross it, to get to Britain and start a new life. They don't want to be in France, and the French for the most part don't want them. So they're stuck: they can't go forward, and they can't go back. Philip Coulter visits a city of dreams and lost hopes to ask the question: what do we owe our neighbour?

- Aura Lounasmaa, Centre for Narrative Research, University of East London
- Olivia Long, volunteer with Help Refugees at the Calais camp
- ​Hettie Colquhoun, volunteer with l'Auberge des Migrants and Help Refugees at the Calais camp
- Jess Egan, volunteer with Baloo's Youth Centre, running programmes for youth at the Calais camp.
- Anya, volunteer with l'Auberge des Migrants
- Mohammed, refugee from Sudan, trying to get to Britain.
- ​Shadi, refugee from Syria, now an engineer volunteering at the camp
- Charlie Whitbread, "human Swiss Army knife" volunteer with Care4Calais
- ​Naomi Press, art therapist, Art Refuge UK
- Marianne Humbersot, jurist, head of mission, Legal Centre
- ​Rashed, refugee from Afghanistan
- ​Paiman, refugee from Iran
- ​Aziz Khan, refugee from Pakistan.

Wachtel On The Arts - Katie Mitchell

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2016

Eleanor Wachtel speaks with Katie Mitchell, an innovative theatre director committed to feminism, surrealism, and following stage directions that were meant to be impossible. The actor Benedict Cumberbatch calls her "a real European master craftswoman," a nod to Mitchell's 'auteur' approach to directing, and a style that seems rooted in the theatre of Germany and Eastern Europe, rather than her native England.

Her results are provocative -- this spring, a Katie Mitchell production at the National Theatre in London 'provoked' several audience members into fainting! -- but Mitchell's subversiveness goes beyond shocking the squeamish. Her real concerns are against patriarchy, against cosy sentiment, and for honesty and facing tough realities.

World On Fire

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2016

They're bigger, faster and hotter than before, torching more of our world: Wildfires, like the one that ripped through Fort McMurray in May or through Slave Lake, Alberta five years ago, levelling a third of that community. What's fuelling this increase in fire power? Adrienne Lamb explores the factors altering how we have to live with wildfire. New technology and new ways to think about fire and its behaviour could save lives.

Objective Troy - Scott Shane (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2016

Paul Kennedy in conversation with author and New York Times journalist Scott Shane about his Gelber Prize winning book "Objective Troy: A Terrorist, A President, and the Rise of the Drone"

Taking the Leap - Naomi Klein (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2016

From the Paris Summit to Parliament Hill, climate change is creating a seismic shift in how Canadians think we should deal with the global crisis. In a lecture recorded in Winnipeg and a conversation with Paul Kennedy, author and activist Naomi Klein talks about her award-winning book This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs The Climate, and warns this is no time for small steps.

Ideas from the Trenches - The Open Mind

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2016

New scientific tools are opening windows into what goes on inside another person's mind. People who'd once have been judged 'vegetative' or 'lacking awareness', might now be able to show they're 'still there', and ultimately communicate with the outside world through a brain scan. Philosophy PhD student Andrew Peterson is embedded with scientists at the Brain and Mind Institute at Western University and considers the ethical and moral questions emerging from this cutting edge research.

The Enright Files on Reconciliation, Redress & Restitution for Canada's First Nations

CBC Radio, Ideas, May 2016

The legacy of colonization, dispossession and residential schools remain all too palpable for many of Canada's First Nations. On this edition of The Enright Files, some prominent Indigenous Canadians discuss the wounds still afflicting First Nations people, the ways they need the government and Canadians at large to make amends, and the hopes they have for the future.

- Mr. Justice Murray Sinclair, Chair of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission
- Taiaiake Alfred, Director of the Indigenous Governance Program at the University of Victoria
- Lee Maracle, novelist and author of Ravensong and Bobbi Lee: Indian Rebel
- Cindy Blackstock, Executive Director of the First Nations Child and Caring Society of Canada

Give Us Your Tired - The Munk Debate on the Global Refugee Crisis (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2016

The global refugee crisis is the geopolitical debate of today. In the latest Munk Debate, Human Rights Commissioner Louise Arbour and historian Simon Schama argue in favour of the resolution "Give us your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free." While Nigel Farage, leader of the UK Independence Party and author Mark Steyn argue against.

This one was very interesting. I think the pro argument was defeated, but only because they failed to reveal that the claims of Mark Steyn do not in fact lead to the outcomes that he suggests.

To Be or Not To Be: The Prince of Denmark Meets Katherine Minola

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2016

From the 2015 Stratford Festival, a trio of Hamlets - Brent Carver, Jonathan Goad and Ben Carlson -- and a trio of Kates - Lucy Peacock, Irene Poole and Seana McKenna -- talk about what they discovered in creating their characters.

Genetics and Poetics

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2016

Words on a page -- that's usually how we conceive of poetry. But Christian Bök, at the University of Calgary, has done something no other writer has ever done: as part of his recent project, The Xenotext, he's enciphered a poem into a micro-organism, which then "rewrote" that poem as part of its biological response. His eventual hope is to encode a poem inside a near-indestructible bacterium (deinococcus radiodurans) which may actually outlast human civilization.

Bök is most famous for Eunoia (2001), a book which took him seven years to write.[2] Eunoia consists of univocalics: The book uses only one vowel in each of its five chapters.

Replacing the Professionals (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2016

Technology is not just taking over factory jobs, according to British author and scholar Richard Susskind, it's about to do the jobs of lawyers, doctors, journalists and other professionals. It could be the start of a social revolution, but what does it mean for the future of professional work by humans? Professor Susskind explores this in the 2016 Sir Graham Day Lecture in Ethics, Morality and The Law at Dalhousie University.

Wachtel On The Arts - Kent Monkman

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2016

To meet Kent Monkman, you'd never guess that he has a flamboyant, gender-bending alter ego. An artistic persona -- a diva, both glamorous and subversive. While Monkman himself is thoughtful and articulate, he lets the aptly named -- and provocatively dressed -- "Miss Chief" take centre stage in his paintings, films, installations and performances.

The result is imaginative and attention-getting. But behind the campy seduction, there's serious intent. Monkman is a stealth artist -- using the ostentatious adventures of his central character, and the sheer beauty of his paintings, to tell a counter narrative of First Nations experience. He wants his audience to ask questions -- uncomfortable ones -- about the received history of colonization.

The Discovery of the Heart (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, April 2016

What makes the world go round? What makes society function? For thousands of years, we've asked ourselves that question, and we've tried a lot of different political systems, monarchies and despotism, democracy communism anarchism, and various blends of all of these. All work to some degree, and some better than others, but human nature seems to subvert all the systems we create to govern ourselves. We don't move to the beat of politics, but of something else entirely.

- Recorded at the 2015 Stratford Festival.
- Adrienne Clarkson, former Governor General of Canada and CBC Massey Lecturer
- John Mighton, award-winning mathematician and playwright
- Cheri DiNovo, former United Church minister and Ontario NDP MLA

All In The Family (important)

CBC Radio, Ideas, Part1, Part2, Part3, April 2016

At the time, it seemed to be a medical mystery. Dr. Vincent Felitti was running a clinic in San Diego in the 1980's for the morbidly obese. Under his supervision, many patients lost 200 to 400 pounds -- only to gain it all back again. Or lose the weight then drop out of the program. These results puzzled Dr. Felitti. One day, while interviewing a new patient, he asked her when she'd become sexually active. The patient looked down and said, "four years old". A lightbulb went on. Could childhood trauma trigger not only obesity, but a whole host of psychological and physiological illnesses?

The link between early trauma and ill health later was untilled soil in the world of medicine. But the possibility of a connection captured the interest of the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. And it was the beginning of a 25-year odyssey for Vincent Felitti when he teamed up with researchers to study the health of 17,000 members of a preventive care program at Kaiser Permanente, a private insurer. Beyond routine physicals, workers (mostly middle-class and middle-aged) filled out an extensive trauma questionnaire covering ten categories of abuse, from physical violence to attempted suicide. Past and present health problems were also tabulated. The results were astonishing. The more categories of abuse that participants suffered, the higher their chances of illness were. For example, women who experienced physical violence were 60% more likely to experience depression, compared to 18% for women who reported no categories of abuse. The figures for attempted suicide were even more startling. Only 2% of those who reported no categories of abuse attempted suicide. However, those who reported four or more categories were breathtakingly 1,200% likelier to attempt killing themselves.

Similar results for smoking, cancer, diabetes, among other diseases, followed the same pattern. Today, the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study has become a fixture in the fields of medicine, psychiatry and pediatrics. Six state legislatures in the U.S. have passed legislation to stimulate the routine collection of data on childhood trauma. And now, the World Health Organization also uses the ACE model to explore global health.

Over the past decade, we've heard a lot about "resilience". Why is it that some people buckle under intense pressure, while others power through it? We often hear how important "grit" and "character" are -- the idea that noncognitive skills like self-control, curiosity and perseverance are more crucial than intelligence. This concept has been criticized for focussing more on the narrative of the individual, rather than creating a supportive and nurturing system of learning.

However, some schools in America are pursuing the idea of integrating "grit" into the curriculum. In fact, researcher Angela Duckworth has devised a "grit scale" to measure traits like zest, optimism and gratitude. But educators are learning that when it comes to traumatized children, relying on "grit" or "character" is not enough, because social and emotional deficits can under-cut intellectual progress. That's what Jim Sporleder learned when he took over as principal of Lincoln Alternative -- a Washington state high school for high-risk kids. After learning through neuroscience what trauma does to a teenager's brain, he abandoned his traditional disciplinarian approach and completely re-thought how to interact with his student population. The results were extraordinary. The "trauma-informed" practises Jim Sporleder learned have become part of a growing network of schools, social service agencies and medical clinics that are spreading throughout North America.

Five-year old Noam was gazing out his kindergarten classroom window one day and witnessed a plane flying into the World Trade Centre, just 1,500 feet away. The next day, Noam showed Bessel van der Kolk a picture he'd drawn: it was full of fire and horror, yet at the bottom of the page was a trampoline. Noam explained: "the next time people have to jump, they'll be safe." Despite the horror Noam witnessed, he's now okay. But there are two things to keep in mind, says Bessel van der Kolk. Noam's experience was a one-time event, not years of abuse and, more importantly Noam has family who love and cherish him. The feeling of being loved can bolster character and mitigate trauma. And even if one's own parents are the abusers, just one other person in a vulnerable child's life can improve that child's outcome.

And they'll need every bit of help they can get. Every year, 3 million children are abused In the U.S. and childhood trauma is heavily correlated with adult drug addiction, unemployment, and the perpetuation of violence. And even if that abused child grows up to be successful, they may have an anxiety disorder or depression lurking in the background. That's why America's continuing military interventions alarm trauma specialists like Bessel van der Kolk: 25% of returning American soldiers will develop PTSD - often creating home lives that are dysfunctional at best, or full of rage and distance at worst, and resulting in more trauma, both for their partners and children. Trauma has become a cultural feedback loop. It's sometimes referred to as 'secondary traumatic stress disorder', the American military's hidden mental health crisis. Bessel van der Kolk calls it the single biggest health problem in the U.S., and that it should be front and centre in a presidential debate.

- Dr. Vincent Felitti is an international expert on child trauma and a co-principal investigator of the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE).
- John Medina is a developmental molecular biologist and best-selling author. He is also an affiliate Professor of Bioengineering at the University of Washington School of Medicine.
- Dr. Kenneth Kunz is a Victoria-based oncologist and lecturer.
- Nadine Burke-Harris is a San Francisco-based pediatrician and runs the Center for Youth Wellness. She lectures widely.
- Jim Sporleder, (past) principal, Lincoln Alternative High School, Walla Walla, Washington.
- Brooke Bouchey, (past) intervention specialist, Lincoln Alternative High School, Walla Walla, Washington.
- John Medina is a developmental molecular biologist and best-selling author. He is also an affiliate Professor of Bioengineering at the University of Washington School of Medicine.
- Teri Barilla, Children's Resilience Initiative, Washington.
- Chelsea Humphrey, graduate of Lincoln Alternative School, Walla Walla Washington.
- Bessel van der Kolk, founder and medical director of the Trauma Center, Boston, author and lecturer.
- Carol Redding is a consultant and trauma survivor based in San Diego.
- John Medina is a developmental molecular biologist and best-selling author. He is also an affiliate Professor of Bioengineering at the University of Washington School of Medicine.
- Kenneth Kunz is a Victoria-based oncologist and lecturer.
- Shanley Knox is a freelance writer and social entrepreneur based in New York.

Saturday, September 30, 2017



Parkdale Dental Centre
Dentist: Harris Douglas (good)
Hygienist: Erin (very good)
409-383 Parkdale Ave.


City View Optometry
Dr. Ladage (very good)
1400 Clyde Ave, Suite 212 (upstairs in the bleaker plaza)
$80 for an exam, optional $30 for optomap (declined)

Kanata (North) Optometric Clinic (March 2013)
Dr. Graeme Ferguson
700 March Rd.
These people are good, but are relatively expensive.

Mechanic (very good)

Frank at Japan Auto
55 Breezehill Ave. North #2 (entrance is at back)
This place may look sketchy, but he's the best mechanic I've ever met.

Rust Treatment

1425 Woodroffe Ave (access from northbound)
Can drop-off at 8am, must pick-up before 5pm.

Life and Health Insurance

Andrew Burgess
880 Lady Ellen Place, Suite 200
613-829-7874 ex 285


Craig Richardson
107 - 383 Parkdale


Find a Kisok to renew your vehicle license:
There's one at the Carlingwood Mall.
It won't ask you for confirmation of your DriveClean, it just automatically knows.


Doctor: Wellington Medical Clinic
1221 Wellington St. W. (Holland & Wellington)
phone: 613-695-1221
fax: 613-695-1321
Dr. Cameron Oishi (male)
Appointments: mtwt 9:30am-3pm, Fri 9:30am-1pm
Bookings: (best time) 8:30-9:30am, 11:30-12:30
(usually requires 1 week notice)

To book a yearly exam, you have to tell the reception it's a yearly exam so that they will schedule two time slots. Prior to booking the exam, you should walk in to see a nurse to fast-track to get a blood-work req printed. Then you can book the exam after the blood work is complete so he can tell you about the results in person. It usually takes the blood-work 2 days to send him the results.

Hampton Carling After Hours
1419 Carling Ave., Suite 216 (Kirkwood Foodbasics)
phone: 613-722-9689
All visits are same-day, by appointment.
- Weekdays: 3pm bookings start, 6pm appointments start, 7pm fully booked, 8pm shut.
- Weekends and Holidays: 8am bookings start, 9am appointments start, 5pm fully booked, 6pm shut.

Physiotherapy: Ottawa Sport and Health Centre (haven't been there myself)
Adam Dunits and Brian Christie
2615 Lancaster Road

Hearing Test: Capital Hearing Clinics (very good)
Zofia Wald-Mroz
471 Hazeldean Drive, Unit 18

Blood Test: LifeLabs (free online reports)
1 Centrepointe Dr, Nepean K2G 6E2
Mon-Fri: 8am-4pm
12 hr fast, Urine sample, Get cup for next year's sample

Blood Test: Gamma-Dynacare (not best)
1105 Carling Ave., Suite 105
7:30-3pm, Walk-In

X-Ray: CML HealthCare
770 Broadview Ave., Ottawa, Unit B2
8am-4pm, Walk-In


Dry Cleaning: Majestic Cleaners & Laundry
1006 Wellington Street West

House Cleaning: John Dodson (very good)
johnwdodson at gmail


Yards Unlimited

Al's Fencing

Very Good House Inspector
Ed Stroz

Radiant Hot Water
Ask for Alex Laquerre at Tophat
Recommended by Ed Stroz

Phill Trott (613-295-8354)
ptrott [at]
Recommended by Ed Stroz


Walker: Valerie

Short-Term Boarding: PetSmart
613-225-6627 . 6 . 2
1851 Merivale Road

Long-Term Boarding: Tails & Trails Country Pet Resort
2977 Stonecrest Road, Dunrobin

Where To Buy Stuff

Fandom II
Strategy Games

Stone Bowls
Arum Korean Market
512 Bank St.

Dynamic Hobbies
21 Concourse Gate Unit #6

Printer Supplies
1181 Belanger Ave.
They actually sell everything. Just phone them.

Monday, August 21, 2017

Windows10 Setup

## Basics

Start Menu > Unpin all tiles

Task Bar > Unpin everything except the Task View and File Explorer

Run Windows Updates

Install and run Dell Command Update

Add or remove programs > Uninstall all unwanted apps

Install Chrome
 Pin to taskbar
 Chrome > Settings > Sign In > Visit Settings
 Only Sync: Apps, Extensions, Settings
 Configure Extension: Home Button At Top Right
 Login to
 setup app list in new tab

Reboot. Check for updates.

Login to
 Download and install Office 2016
 Sign into OneNote and pin to taskbar
 Sign into Outlook and pin to taskbar
  Right-click Ribbon > Collapse Ribbon
  File > Options > Mail > Outlook Panes > Reading Pane
   Mark items read when viewed 1 second
   File > Options > Quick Access Toolbar > [add to custom] Touch/Mouse Mode > Ok
   Not at top-left you can use "Touch/Mouse Mode" to select mouse which will remove
   the nasty reply icons from the right-sidebar and put them back above your msg
 Sign into Powerpoint and pin to start
 Sign into Word and pin to start
 Sign into Skype For Business and pin to start

Add or remove programs > Uninstall all unwanted apps

Reboot. Check for updates.

Right-click Desktop > Personalize > Themes
 Choose wallpaper
 Desktop Icon Settings > [uncheck] Recycel Bin

Start > Windows System > Command Prompt > Pin to start

Install iTunes
 Pin to taskbar
 File > Add Folder To Library
 Edit > Preferences > Advanced > (all unchecked regarding iTunes Media folder)
 Control > Shuffle > On, Albums

Install Notepad2, pin to start

Install Kdiff3

Install AgentRansack

Install Paint.Net, pin to start
It looks like a bug prevents you from reducing the volume of system sounds.
Instead you can disable them.

[right-click] the sound icon in the system tray
> Sounds > File Explorer > Start Navigation > None > Apply

## File Explorer

Unpin everything from Quick Access

View > Options 
 Open File Explorer to:
  This PC
  [uncheck] Show recently used files in Quick access
  [uncheck] Show frequently used folders in Quick access

 [check] File Name Extensions
 [check] Hidden Items

Disk Cleanup > Cleanup System Files > Everything
 This gets rid of most of the contents of windows.old folder.
 Can't delte the rest. It's just 50mb now, so just hide it.

 Remove stuff you don't like
 Add NotePad2
Set ThisPCPolicy=Hide 
to get the default microsoft folders out of "This-PC"


(the last one is the new 3D folder, and I had to create the PropertyBag for that one)
Set System.IsPinnedToNameSpaceTree=0 
to hide OneDrive from file-explorer sidebar


Hide all the root folders you won't frequently use.

 [uncheck] Hidden Items

Create Folder Shortcuts in C: for frequently accessed local and NAS folders.

## Dev

Install FileZill, pin to start

Install Tortise & Delphi, pin to taskbar

Install ImageJ Fiji, pin to start

Install ImageInfoViewer -? why fail?